Major Components / Parts  Of Automobile And Their Functions With Pics

In this blog, I am gonna show you what are the major components or parts of the Automobile and what is the function of each component. I will show you the detailed functions of each component of Vehicles with pictures.

Major Components / Parts  Of Automobile And Their Functions With Pics




Components Of Automobile:

The automobile is made up of hundreds of different parts which can be broadly categorized into six components.

SIX COMPONENTS OF AUTOMOBILE:  

Basic structure 

Major Components / Parts  Of Automobile And Their Functions With Pics

Power unit 

Major Components / Parts  Of Automobile And Their Functions With Pics

Transmission system  

Major Components / Parts  Of Automobile And Their Functions With Pics

Auxiliaries 


Controls  

Major Components / Parts  Of Automobile And Their Functions With Pics


Superstructure 

Major Components / Parts  Of Automobile And Their Functions With Pics



The first five components are collectively known as automobile chassis.

1) Basic Structure:

The basic structure of an automobile is the unit on which all the other automobile units like engine transmission system etc is attached.

Components Of Basic Structure:

It mainly comprises off 

  1. frame 
  2. suspension system 
  3. axles 
  4. wheels  

Now let's discuss each of them in the brief 

1) Frame:

The frame is the main structure of an automobile that bears the most of its weight. Frame construction is generally done in two ways conventional construction, frameless construction. 

Conventional Construction:

In conventional construction a conventional pressed steel frame is prepared and all the mechanical units are attached to it and then the body is superimposed on it. 

Frameless Construction:

whereas in frameless construction the body is designed in such a way that the function of the body and the frame is combined and all the mechanical units are directly attached to the body 

2) suspension system:

Functions of Suspension System:

The suspension system is responsible for preventing Road shocks from being transmitted to the vehicles safeguarding the passengers from road shocks and preserving the stability of the vehicle during pitching and rolling. 

Generally, there are two types of suspension systems conventional system and independent system 

Conventional system:

In conventional system the road springs are attached to a rigid beam axle  

Independent system:

In the independent system, there is no rigid axle beam and each wheel is free to move vertically without affecting other wheels. 

3) Axles:

Axles they are the central shafts which connect the wheels to the frame depending on their use axles can be of two types live axle or dead axle. 

Live Axle:

Live axle transmits the torque received from the engine to the driving wheels 

Dead Axle:

Dead axle just connects the wheel to the frame but does not transmit any power 

4) Wheels:

Wheels are one of the most important parts of an automobile without wheels, the vehicle cannot even be told wheels carry the entire weight of a vehicle generally wheels are of three types of 

  1. disc wheels 
  2. wire wheels 
  3. alloy wheels 

amongst them, disc wheels are the most commonly used wheels 


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