India vs China Border Tension Explained 

Greetings, friends! Let us talk about the border tensions brewing between India and China. It is a critical issue that has not been discussed upon much in our TV news channels because it probably raises uncomfortable questions Have the Chinese invaded the Indian territory? If yes, then to what extent and how many intruders are there? How much area has been occupied by them and what is the reason behind this? 

The Indian government has not yet provided answers to these questions No clear cut answers to these questions have been given by the Indian government But there are some reports and some sources of retired army officers on the basis of which I'd like to talk about the issue and we will try and find the possible answers to these questions.

I will present the argument of both the sides here So that you can evaluate both the sides and try to find out the truth Come, let us see Let's start with the basics first
You might know that the border between Pakistan occupied Kashmir and India is called LOC- Line of Control But the border between Chinese occupied Ladakh and India is called LAC- Line of Actual Control 

India vs China Border Tension Explained
India vs China Border Tension ExplainedAdd caption

You can take a look at the map- LAC is the line between Aksai Chin and India And LOC is the line between PoK and India Now, there are some critical differences between LOC and LAC LOC is very clearly defined Both Pakistan and India are aware of where the boundary line actually is But the LAC line is not clearly defined

In English, there is a word for it- Demarcated So LOC is demarcated while LAC is not That is, it's not clearly defined Both China and India claim that the LAC is in different places Both the countries have different perceptions about where the LAC actually lies And due to the different claims by both the countries, there is an overlapping territory between them as you can see in this diagram 

It is a wonderful diagram made in one of the articles of NewsLaundry The Indian territory is represented by blue the undisputed territory, which even the Chinese concede is Indian and the undisputed Chinese territory is marked in red 

The Indian claim line is the blue dotted line and the Chinese claim line is the red dotted line These are the lines that China and India claim to be their borders The area that lies in between becomes the Grey Area is referred to as Area of Differing Perception- ADPA.

In reality, this grey area isn't a large area Talking about the Pangong lake in Ladakh, then the Grey area there covers only about 10 kilometers in length and no one resides there Before the development of this situation, there weren't any posts of the Indian army or the Chinese army Both the Indian and the Chinese army merely patrolled that area And this is why there were clashes and conflicts between both the armies when they came patrolling which you might have even heard about- these clashes would recur between the two armies every 2-3 years and they happened because of these grey areas.

One army came patrolling whilst the other was already patrolling Then one army would write on banners to tell the other that they were trespassing upon their territory and would request them to go back

Ever since the Indian army has upgraded its equipment and improved its infrastructure over the past years, the Indian Army increased the frequency of its patrols This is the reason why the conflicts and confrontations with the Chinese army have also increased Whenever this happens, the media on both sides report of an Intrusion of the Indian/Chinese army on their soil 

Things like these keep on recurring. But the situation today is more serious than these regular and minor skirmishes It is believed that the conflict ongoing today started on 5th May and it was reported for the first time on 12th May by the Economic Times This entire situation is happening in Pangong Lake- which is a lake in Ladakh If you remember the 3 idiots movie- the end scene of the movie was shot in this lake It is a very long lake- around 130 kilometers in length and its breadth is around 5 kilometers.

The scene in the movie 3 idiots was shot on the westernmost part of the lake But around 60% of the area of this lake falls within Chinese occupied territory and the Line of Actual Control passes through this lake If you take a look at the map, there are pointed edges protruding in the northern side of the Pangong Lake
The shape of the lake is somewhat like this These pointed edges are called "fingers" of the lake Starting from the left/Westside, these fingers have been named Finger 1, Finger 2, Finger 3 and so on India claims that the LAC lies in the Finger 8 area China claims that the LAC lies in the Finger 2 area The Grey Zone that we talked about earlier lies in between Finger 2 and Finger 8 on the map.

Talking about the ongoing problem, it was said on 4th-5th May that Chinese troops had reached till Finger 5 while patrolling and this led to a conflict Talking about the second conflict, it was reported that between 10th and 11th of May the Chinese troops reached Finger 4 while patrolling and this led to stone-pelting A fistfight broke out between Indian and Chinese troops in which 11 people got injured But the talks about tensions and Chinese intrusions today is not just about one place But three different places.

The first area is Pangong Lake that I told you about The second area is Galwan River Valley in Ladakh And the third area is Hot Springs near Kongka Pass Let us first start with the Pangong Lake I had a talk with Retired Colonel Ajay Shukla Ji in order to find out what his sources have to say about the extent to which Chinese intrusion has taken place in the Pangong Lake -As per your sources, how far do you think China has occupied territory in the three areas of conflict? 

First, let us talk about the Pangong Lake -The spurs that move downwards towards the Pangong Lake from the mountains They have been numbered. The Number 1 is on the westernmost side on the left and lies on the side of India and then number 2, 3, 4... until number 8 is on the easternmost side- on the side of China 

The land between Finger 4 to Finger 8 had remained unoccupied until now and there had been no troops there There were only patrols by both the sides Right now, China has physically occupied it and have stationed themselves there They have brought in arms and are preparing trenches and their stations and have occupied that area completely.

How many soldiers have occupied that area? - I beg your pardon -How many soldiers have occupied that area between Finger 4 and Finger 8? -There are around 4,000-5,000 Chinese soldiers in the area between Finger 4 and Finger 8 -Okay -And this is a distance of 4 kilometers.

This is the Indian territory that they have occupied For a different viewpoint I'd like to tell you the assessment of Retd LT. General H S Panang regarding this Pangong Area He wrote his opinion on the Print Media website and the results according to his assessment was quite similar to what Ajay Shukla Ji told us.

The area between Finger 4 and Finger 8 has been occupied by China which came under the "grey area", even though India's claim was up till finger 8 So China has moved into the area claimed by India and this, according to him is an area of about 35-40 square kilometers and China has stationed around 1-2 battalions here.
 He also believes that the journalists that are "misinterpreting" these Fingers and are basically saying that it cannot be said that Chinese have occupied Indian territory These journalists are basically playing into China's hands 
They are basically favoring China by denying that China has moved into the territory claimed by India -Talking about the other 2 areas- the Galwan valley and the Hot springs- what is the situation there? -, the situation is the worst in Galwan. 

The area between Finger 4 and Finger 8 is a tiny area which does not dominate any area further and the occupation of which does not yield a lot of benefits to the Chinese soldiers on the military front But they are going to reap a huge benefit on the military front in Galwan By coming into the Galwan valley and stationing themselves on the Galway heights, the 255km road that has been laid until Daulat Beg Oldi from Shyok and Darbuk which travels northward towards Daulat Beg Oldi

The Chinese soldiers that have moved into the Galwan Valley are in a strategically beneficial position as they can overlook that road 

They can use artillery and cannons to fire on it And if they want to stop India from making use of this road, then they can easily do so Because the intrusion in Galwan is the most dangerous H S Panag Ji has also pointed out in his article that the area of the Galwan river valley has been breached into by China and they have occupied around 2-3 kilometers of the area at a height Around two Chinese battalions are present at a height, which is a huge disadvantage for India It becomes easier to attack lower terrain if one is situated at a height Another interesting thing pointed out by him is that the differing perceptions of the claims by India and China and the grey area in between

In the area of the Galwan river valley, no such grey area is present India and China do not have different perceptions in this area. 

There exists one single line So according to him, Chinese intrusion in this area is actually encroaching upon Indian territory.

And the differing perceptions regarding the claims of India and China is clear in the case of Pangong Lake Does something like that exist in the case of Galwan as well? 

No. You've made a very important point here Galwan was an area where both the Indian and the Chinese soldiers did not get into conflicts The claim lines of both of them was approximately the same Chinese claim line in Ladakh was separate from Galwan So by coming in here, the Chinese soldiers have violated their own claim line -And (what about) the third region- the Hot springs region? 
As per our sources in the Indian Army, China is only pressing for the third region in order to divert the focus of the Indian soldiers and to disturb them 
But they will get no strategic benefit by encroaching here Neither have they captured much land, nor is there a military benefit as in the case of Galwan I'd like to tell you the viewpoints of some more retired army officers Lt. General Rameshwar Roy has said that we should not compare this situation with the earlier situations The situation today is far more grim Col Malkiat has said that this situation is basically like "Chinese Kargil" 

 That's all from my side If you liked this blog, then share it  

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